E-ISSN 2548-0839
European Endodontic Journal Association between Rheumatoid Arthritis and Apical Periodontitis: A Cross-sectional Study []
. 2020; 5(2): 155-158 | DOI: 10.14744/eej.2019.52824

Association between Rheumatoid Arthritis and Apical Periodontitis: A Cross-sectional Study

Ertuğrul Karataş1, Ayhan Kul2, Ebru Tepecik1
1Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Atatürk University, Erzurum, Turkey
2Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Medical Faculty of Atatürk University Erzurum, Turkey

Objective: The present cross-sectional study aimed to investigate possible association between Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) and Apical Periodontitis (AP).
Methods: In table one it is mentioned 48 patients diagnosed with RA were included in the experimental group. Another 48 healthy age- and gender-matched participants who reported no history of any systemic disease were selected to form the control group. All the patients were examined radiographically and clinically to diagnose the presence of AP. The following data was recorded for all patients; the number of teeth present, the number of teeth with AP, the number of patients with AP, the number of patients with root canal treated teeth (RCT) and the number of patients with RCT+AP. The chi-square test and logistic regression analysis were used to determine the possible association between RA and AP.
Results: A total of 1026 teeth were examined in the RA group and 45 of them was diagnosed as AP. In the control group, 1025 teeth were examined and 21 teeth were diagnosed as AP. It was found that the prevalence of teeth with AP (4.3%) was significantly higher in the RA group than the control (2%) (odds ratio [OR]=2.193, P=0.003). Logistic regression analysis showed that RA is significantly associated with AP.
Conclusion: It can be concluded that patients with RA can be more prone to develop AP. (EEJ-2019-09-096)

Keywords: Rheumatoid arthritis, apical periodontitis

Ertuğrul Karataş, Ayhan Kul, Ebru Tepecik. Association between Rheumatoid Arthritis and Apical Periodontitis: A Cross-sectional Study. . 2020; 5(2): 155-158

Corresponding Author: Ertuğrul Karataş
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