Objective: The outcome of apical surgery using modern techniques is favourable. However, the presence of a combined apicomarginal defect may negatively affect the postsurgical healing. The objective of this retrospective analysis was to assess the healing of teeth with apicomarginal defects treated with apical surgery and enamel matrix derivative (EMD).
Methods: This retrospective study evaluated the application of EMD in apical surgery of 17 teeth with apicomarginal defects. Cases were followed for at least 1 year, and healing was classified based on established clinical and radiographic criteria.
Results: The patient sample included nine females and eight males with a mean age of 50±18.2 years. Maxillary incisors (six lateral and four central) were the most frequently treated teeth. The majority of apicomarginal defects was located on the facial aspect of the root (70.6%) and belonged to defect class I (76.5%). Follow-up periods ranged from 1 to 5 years. Healing was successful in 14 teeth (82.4%).
Conclusion: The application of EMD resulted in a similar outcome as in previously published clinical studies related to regenerative techniques for the treatment of apicomarginal defects in conjunction with apical surgery.