E-ISSN 2548-0839
European Endodontic Journal Comparison of the Survival Rate Against Fracture of Endodontically Treated Premolars with Exposed Cervical Lesions Restored with Crowns and Resin Composites: A Retrospective Study [Eur Endod J]
Eur Endod J. 2022; 7(1): 27-32 | DOI: 10.14744/eej.2021.21939

Comparison of the Survival Rate Against Fracture of Endodontically Treated Premolars with Exposed Cervical Lesions Restored with Crowns and Resin Composites: A Retrospective Study

Kantaporn Kaewchomphoo1, Danuchit Banomyong1, Yaowaluk Ngoenwiwatkul2, Piyapanna Pumpaluk3
1Department of Operative Dentistry and Endodontics, Mahidol University Faculty of Dentistry, Bangkok, Thailand
2Department of Community Dentistry, Mahidol University Faculty of Dentistry, Bangkok, Thailand
3Department of Advanced General Dentistry, Mahidol University Faculty of Dentistry, Bangkok, Thailand

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of coronal restorations on the survival rates against fracture of endodontically treated premolars with exposed cervical lesions and to identify the prognostic factors for fracture.
Methods: Data of the endodontically treated premolars with exposed cervical lesions restored with resin composites or crowns between 2011 and 2020 were collected. The presence of a fracture was recorded, and the possible prognostic factors were recorded. Statistical analyses were performed, with a significance level of P<0.05, using a Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, log-rank tests, and Cox proportional hazard models were used to identify the prognostic factors.
Results: The survival rates against fracture were not significantly different between the teeth restored with crowns (93.3%) or resin composites (86%) (P≥0.05). A high frequency of non-restorable fractures was observed in both groups. Crestal bone reduction to the middle-third of the root was identified as the significant prognostic factor (P<0.05).
Conclusion: For endodontically treated premolars with exposed cervical lesions, resin composite restorations provided a high comparable survival rate that was comparable to that of crowns. A higher risk of fracture was found in endodontically treated premolars with crestal bone loss to the middle-third of the root. (EEJ-2021-05-088)

Keywords: Cervical caries, dental restoration, endodontically treated teeth, survival rate, tooth abrasion, tooth fractures

Kantaporn Kaewchomphoo, Danuchit Banomyong, Yaowaluk Ngoenwiwatkul, Piyapanna Pumpaluk. Comparison of the Survival Rate Against Fracture of Endodontically Treated Premolars with Exposed Cervical Lesions Restored with Crowns and Resin Composites: A Retrospective Study. Eur Endod J. 2022; 7(1): 27-32

Corresponding Author: Danuchit Banomyong
Manuscript Language: English
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