Objective: Local anaesthetic solution that is commonly employed for supplemental intrapulpal injection (IPI) may routinely come in contact with subsequently used sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) during endodontic treatment of symptomatic irreversible pulpitis cases. This in vitro study investigated the available free active chlorine (FAC) content of 3% NaOCl after mixing with 2% lignocaine hydrochloride with adrenaline (LA) solution in three different proportions using iodometric titration analysis.
Methods: Aliquots of 3% NaOCl (control) in different measures (30 mL, 27 mL, 21 mL and 15 mL) served as the effective concentrate of various proportions of NaOCl admixed with the test solutions, i.e., demineralised water (DM) and LA. The mixed aliquots containing NaOCl-DM and NaOCl-LA combination solutions admixed in various proportions (9: 1, 7: 3 and 1: 1 w/v) respectively served as the experimental groups. Iodometric titration was performed to determine the FAC of each independent solution.The results were then evaluated using one-way ANOVA and Tukey’s post hoc analysis to determine the differences between various groups and amongst the individual admixtures. The level of significance was set at P<0.05.
Results: Inter-group comparisons revealed statistically significant differences (P<0.05) between all the test groups. An intra-group analysis revealed significant differences (P<0.05) in group 2, whereas no differences (P>0.05) were observed in group 3. Further, there was a dose dependent reduction in FAC content in both the experimental groups with lowest FAC values were observed in 1: 1 solution admixtures followed by 7: 3 and 9: 1 proportions.
Conclusion: There was a significant reduction in NaOCl FAC content when admixed with lignocaine HCl even in small proportions. Hence, adequate measures should be taken to remove the residual LA from the pulpal space, before the use of NaOCl after IPI administration. (EEJ-2020-05-092)