Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of preoperative analgesics on inferior alveolar nerve blocks (IANB) during root canal treatment in patients with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis of the mandibular molars.
Methods: This study was a randomized, double-blinded, superiority trial with a parallel study design. A total of 120 subjects with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis were randomly assigned to one of four groups: group A (con- trol, Vitamin E, Evion 400 mg), group B (Diclofenac sodium, Voltral SR100 100 mg), group C (Piroxicam, Feldene 20 mg), and group D (Tramadol, Tramal 50 mg). The patients recorded preoperative pain levels, and after admin- istration of local anaesthesia intraoperative pain levels using the Heft-Parker visual analogue scale before and after the oral administration of the analgesics. Statistical analysis was performed using the Kruskal-Wallis test.
Results: All the analgesic groups showed a significant effect on the efficacy of the inferior alveolar nerve block in contrast to the control group (p<0.05). However, no significant difference was found between the drug groups on the effectiveness of the inferior alveolar nerve block (p>0.05). No side effects were reported in the present study.
Conclusion: Preoperative analgesics significantly increase the effectiveness of inferior alveolar nerve block in patients with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis. Therefore, preoperative analgesics should be considered to increase the effectiveness of inferior alveolar nerve block in patients with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis on the mandibular molars. (EEJ-2023-02-033)