Objective: To compare, in vitro, the bioceramic materials (MTA and BC RRM-fast set putty) capacity to prevent microleakage of Enterococcus faecalis over time.
Methods: An experimental design was made with forty extracted human teeth, coronally cut, and prepared to be placed in a leakage system under sterile conditions. They were randomly divided into two experimental groups: thirty teeth (fifteen for each of retrograde filling material MTA and BC RRM-fast set putty) and a control group: ten teeth (five positive control, five negative control). The 3 mm root-ends were submerged in a brain-heart infusion broth with a red phenol indicator. The coronal access of each sample was inoculated with E. faecalis every seven days to maintain bacterial viability. The lower chamber was evaluated daily for 30 days to observe the turbidity of the culture medium and establish the presence and day of the filtration. Calculation of the colony-forming units (CFU) was performed for each leaked sample. Fisher's Exact Test was used to verify the association between the presence or absence of leakage of the samples by type of bioceramic material used and the Mann-Whitney U test to verify the existence of a difference between the average of CFU by type of bioceramic material used. The significance level used was α=0.05 and a 95% confidence level, as a decision rule for rejecting the null hypothesis.
Results: Of the total samples prepared for each group, leakage was found in 60.0% (9/15) of the MTA group and 40.0% (6/15) of the BC RRM-fast set putty group. All positive controls filtered on the first day of evaluation, while 20% (1/5) of the negative control leaked in the second week. There was no significant difference in leakege between the two groups, nor concerning the bacterial count (P=0.101) and the type of cement used (P=1.000).
Conclusion: BC RRM-fast set putty was comparable to MTA in resisting bacterial microleakage during the observation time. (EEJ-2022-02-028)