E-ISSN 2548-0839
Volume : Issue : Year : 2024


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Journal Citation Reports (Clarivate, 2023)(Dentistry, Oral Surgery & Medicine (Science))
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European Endodontic Journal Examining the Physicochemical Composition of Three Bioceramic Putties for Endodontic Use [Eur Endod J]
Eur Endod J. Ahead of Print: EEJ-07769 | DOI: 10.14744/eej.2024.07769

Examining the Physicochemical Composition of Three Bioceramic Putties for Endodontic Use

Daniel Chavarria-Bolaños1, Takashi Komabayashi2, Jose Vega-baudrit3, Esteban Ulate1, Reinaldo Pereira-Reyes3, Mauricio Montero-Aguilar1
1Dentistry Graduate Program, University of Costa Rica, San José, Costa Rica
2University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Adams School of Dentistry, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
3National Nanotechnology Laboratory, San José, Costa Rica

Objective: This study aimed to address the lack of comparative analyses of newly developed bioceramic materials by examining the chemical composition, thermodynamic profile, and microscopic surface features of three bioceramic putties: EndoSequence BC Root Repair Material Fast Set Putty (ESRRM-FS), BIO-C Repair (BCR), and Cera Putty (CP).
Methods: Samples of each of the three bioceramic putty obtained directly from manufacturers were prepared for analysis of physicochemical composition and microscopic features by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) imagery, and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). The data obtained was qualitatively and statistically analyzed.
Results: DSC analysis indicated a common polymeric vehicle for BCR and CP, coinciding with the polyethylene glycol (PEG) thermal profile; the polymeric vehicle in ESRRM-FS remains to be identified. The material with the highest heat capacity was CP (p<0.05), followed by ESRRM-FS and BCR. TGA revealed an inflection point at 394.12ºC for ESRRM-FS, which may correspond to the mass loss of dihydroxylation of calcium hydroxide. A more homogenous structure was observed in scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images for ESRRM-FS. EDS analysis indicated BCR had minimal amounts of aluminum (2.06±0.44%) and a lower percentage of calcium than ESRRM-FS (9.11±1.38% vs. 11.3±0.87%). CP was composed of aluminum (49.35±7.01%), carbon (30.65±5.62%), and oxygen (16.75±2.44%); no silicon was identified. ESRRM-FS had no aluminum present and the highest calcium percentage (11.3±0.87%)(p<0.05).
Conclusion: BCR is a Portland cement-derived material with a lower percentage of calcium than ESRRM-FS and minimal amounts of aluminum. CP is a monocalcium aluminate cement, mainly composed of aluminum, carbon, and oxygen. ESRRM-FS is a biphasic material with the highest calcium percentage among all materials studied and no aluminum. (EEJ-2023-11-157)

Keywords: Bioceramic putties, differential scanning calorimetry, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis

Corresponding Author: Daniel Chavarria-Bolaños
Manuscript Language: English
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