E-ISSN 2548-0839
Microbial Contamination Comparison Between Cotton Pellet and Polytetrafluoroethylene Tape Endodontic Spacers: A Systematic Review [Eur Endod J]
Eur Endod J. 2021; 6(2): 143-150 | DOI: 10.14744/eej.2021.52244

Microbial Contamination Comparison Between Cotton Pellet and Polytetrafluoroethylene Tape Endodontic Spacers: A Systematic Review

Abhishek Mathew1, Silvia Lee1, William Ha1, Venkateshbabu Nagendrababu2, Giampiero Rossi-Fedele1
1Department of Endodontics, Adelaide Dental School, Adelaide Health & Medical Sciences Building, University of Adelaide, Australia
2epartment of Preventive and Restorative Dentistry, College of Dental Medicine, University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates

This systematic review compares polytetrafluoroethylene tape and cotton pellet when used as endodontic spacers underneath provisional restorations. The review followed the PRISMA guidelines and was registered in the PROSPERO database (CRD42020176555). Studies that compared the microbial contamination between polytetrafluoroethylene tape and cotton pellet, when used as spacers, were included. Literature searches of Pubmed, Embase, EBSCOHost Dentistry & Oral Sciences Source, Scopus, and Open Grey databases were conducted from their inception until May 2020 for studies in English or other Latin script languages. Hand searching of reference lists was performed. Three laboratory and three clinical studies were included. The risk of bias of the component studies varied widely. Results from the laboratory studies showed higher bacterial counts for cotton pellets. Results from the clinical studies showed that polytetrafluoroethylene tape was associated with a significantly lower incidence of microbial contamination. Findings were consistent throughout the studies, though the evidence available is scarce and heterogeneous. Polytetrafluoroethylene tape was associated with less microbial contamination when compared with cotton pellets as endodontic spacers and therefore appears to be a more suitable material for the purpose. (EEJ-2021-04-066)

Keywords: Dental filling, endodontics, root canal therapy, temporary, temporary dental filling

Abhishek Mathew, Silvia Lee, William Ha, Venkateshbabu Nagendrababu, Giampiero Rossi-Fedele. Microbial Contamination Comparison Between Cotton Pellet and Polytetrafluoroethylene Tape Endodontic Spacers: A Systematic Review. Eur Endod J. 2021; 6(2): 143-150

Corresponding Author: Giampiero Rossi-Fedele
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