Objective: The objective of this in-vitro study was to compare the erosive potential and smear layer removal ability of 1% Phytic acid (IP6) and 17% Ethylenediaminetetaacetic acid (EDTA).
Methods: Canal preparation of 225 single rooted extracted human teeth was performed with Protaper NiTi rotary instruments. Teeth were divided into three groups according to the final irrigation protocol. Group 1: Saline irrigation (n=75), Group 2: 17% EDTA (n=75), Group 3: 1% Phytic Acid (n=75). Roots were splitted and observed under Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) for erosion and smear layer removal. Mean differences between the groups for smear layer removal and erosion were assessed using the Kruskal Wallis and Mann Whitney U test. (P≤0.05) Friedman and Willcoxon Signed Rank tests were used to make comparisons within the groups.
Results: Group 3 was significantly less erosive than Group 2 at all root portions (P<0.001). With regards to smear layer removal, group 2 (EDTA) removed more smear layer compared to group 3 (Phytic acid) at all root portions (P<0.001). Both 17% EDTA and 1% IP6 removed significantly less smear layer in the apical root portion. Intra group comparisons revealed no significant differences at any root level. There was a time dependent increase in erosion and smear layer removal in Group 2, with severe erosion at 5 minutes time interval. In Group 3, however, there was moderate erosion and smear removal at 3 and 5 minutes interval.
Conclusion: IP6 at the concentration of 1% and pH 3 was less erosive than 17% EDTA. It exhibited moderate smear layer removal ability.