This case report describes the treatment of a double root fracture of a lateral mandibular incisor and its fol- low-up over 3.5 years.
The reason for the consultation was a tooth mobility following a fall that had occurred 2 days earlier. A test of pulp vitality for tooth 42 was positive. Periodontal probing at the level of the gingival sulcus confirmed the intactness of the epithelial attachment. Retro-alveolar radiographic examination revealed a double root fracture of tooth 42.
A semi-rigid extra-coronal splinting was performed and a light grinding of the incisal edge of tooth 42 was then carried out in light of the dislocation of the coronal fragment, and the occlusion was checked with a strip of articulating paper. The outcomes at 6 months revealed that pulp vitality was still preserved, consol- idation of the apical fracture had occurred, and the coronal root fracture was starting to heal. The 1-year, 2-year and 3-year follow ups revealed preserved pulp vitality, an absence of a fracture line in apical images, and no root resorption.
This case report provides evidence for the preservation of vitality in the setting of a double root fracture.