E-ISSN 2548-0839
Influence of Continuous or Reciprocating Optimum Torque Reverse Motion on Cyclic Fatigue Resistance of Two Single-File Nickel-Titanium Rotary Instruments []
. 2017; 2(1): 21 | DOI: 10.5152/eej.2017.17012

Influence of Continuous or Reciprocating Optimum Torque Reverse Motion on Cyclic Fatigue Resistance of Two Single-File Nickel-Titanium Rotary Instruments

Eugenio Pedulla1, Giacomo Corsentino2, Emanuele Ambu2, Fabio Rovai3, Federico Campedelli2, Silvia Rapisarda1, Giusy La Rosa1, Ernesto Rapisarda1, Simone Grandini2
1Department of General Surgery and Surgical-Medical Specialties University of Catania, Catania, Italy
2Department of Endodontics and Restorative Densitry, University of Siena, Siena, Italy
3Private Practitioner, Perugia, Italy

Objective: Different single-file instruments and kinematics have been introduced on the market. It is important to know the cyclic fatigue performance of these instruments in these new kinematics such as reciprocation of Optimum Torque Reverse (OTR) motion. The aim of this study was to evaluate the resistance to cyclic fatigue of F6 SkyTaper and OneShape used in continuous rotation (proper rotation) or in reciprocating OTR motion.
Methods: A total of forty-eight nickel-titanium files were tested. Twenty-four instruments of both brands were divided into two groups (n=12) on the basis of the motion tested: continuous rotation (group 1) or reciprocating OTR motion (group 2). Resistance to cyclic fatigue was determined by recording time to fracture (TtF) in a stainless steel artificial canal with a 60° angle of curvature and 5 mm radius of curvature. Data were analysed by two-way analysis of variance and post-hoc Bonferroni tests for multiple comparisons with P<0.05 as the level of significance.
Results: F6 SkyTaper showed higher TtF compared with OneShape, both in continuous and in OTR motion (P<0.0001). The two tested instruments showed higher cyclic fatigue resistance in reciprocating OTR motion than continuous rotation (P<0.0001).
Conclusions: OTR motion significantly improves cyclic fatigue resistance of the tested instruments. In addition, F6 SkyTaper showed higher cyclic fatigue resistance than OneShape in both motions.

Keywords: continous rotation, cyclic fatigue resistance, F6 SkyTaper, OneShape, OTR motion.

Eugenio Pedulla, Giacomo Corsentino, Emanuele Ambu, Fabio Rovai, Federico Campedelli, Silvia Rapisarda, Giusy La Rosa, Ernesto Rapisarda, Simone Grandini. Influence of Continuous or Reciprocating Optimum Torque Reverse Motion on Cyclic Fatigue Resistance of Two Single-File Nickel-Titanium Rotary Instruments. . 2017; 2(1): 21

Corresponding Author: Eugenio Pedulla, Italy

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